Bill Den Beste's CD Mastering Page
  We have a Yamaha CDR-1000 CD-Rom Writer on a dedicated Pentium 200 MMX system. We have created many Audio CD's on this machine. We thought that our setup and experiences might be of interest to others.
Music Sources
One of my friends Marty Gallagher does theatrical music and sound. Originally he created a final master on cassette tape for use during performances. Now he creates the final master on Audio CD using our setup. Audio CD's have higher fidelity, are more durable, provide random access, and are easy to queue during the performance. If the theatre has CD-Audio capability, they much prefer CD's over cassette tapes.
Marty has a portable DAT deck, which he uses to record the final tracks. We transfer them into my machine using a Digital Audio Labs Digital Only card . (When using a DAT to acquire files for an audio CD remember to sample the material at 44Khz rather than the default 48Khz.)
For Red Book Audio, you can use any transfer or editing method that results in WAV files, but the WAV files must be sampled at 44.1Khz, 16 bit, stereo.
We recommend the Corel CD-Creator Software, Version 2 now sold by Adaptec .
We are also using Sound Forge 4.0 by Sonic Foundry to edit and prepare WAV files before recording. Although it was expensive, it is powerful, fast, and easy to use. We have the Sound Forge noise reduction plug-in as well and like it very much!
We experimented with several different kinds of blank CD Media. We needed to determine which type of CD would be compatible with both the CDR-1000 writer, and with various Audio CD players. We found that the Mitsui Gold 74 works great for us. The other kinds we tried didn't work as well.
Remember that your conditions may be different. When you first setup your CD Writer, you should try several brands and types of media. Try them with both the writer and with several different readers.
Our multimedia system includes a Yamaha CDR-1000, and an Iomega Jaz Drive connected via an Adaptec 2940 SCSI interface to an Intel Pentium 200MHz MMX system with 64Mbytes of RAM.
Originally this system was configured with some fast SCSI AVI rated hard drives (2 Seagate Barracudas ). These drives were 4Gbytes each, and were connect to the processor via a special Adaptec 2940WD SCSI differential interface. With the Barracuda drives we could record at 4X speed with no problems!
Those drives have moved onto a video mastering system, and a Maxtor 8Gbyte ultra IDE drive has replaced them. We were pleased to discover that this drive is also fast enough to support 4X recording speed.
When we began, we knew that "Red Book" audio must be recorded in a single session. We thought that meant that the entire contents of the CD had to be recorded in a single stream of data.
After watching the software do it's thing while recording "Red Book" audio CD's, we realize that "single session" means that the "directory" of the CD must be written once and once only.
Tracks can be written one at a time with time out in-between. After all of the desired tracks are written, the software writes the "directory". Then you are finished. You can't ever add any more audio tracks to this disk, because you cannot update the directory after it has been written.
Your hardware does need to keep up the steady data stream during the writing of each track, but there is no requirement to stream 650Mbytes of data all in one burst.

Web Resources
An organization called the CD Info Company has a Really Great CD Info page about CD-R drives, media, software, etc.
If you are seriously interested in CD-R technology, or if you are already into it and are having trouble, take a look at the FAQ maintained by Andy McFadden.
Send us email if you have comments about this page.
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Last modified on  3/1/00 11:01:44 AM